Pain in the gums is generally accompanied by swelling of tissues and gums around the jaws and teeth. This pain emanates from dental conditions like exposed tooth root, diseased jaw, nutritional deficiencies, dental cavities and worn out enamel. Gum pain generally increases while eating or chewing food and even while brushing the teeth. A painful or tender gum is not a disease in itself but an indication of an underlying disease that requires immediate attention.
Unlike what most people think, pain and inflammation in the gums is not a simple outcome of stiff brushing but is most likely a manifestation of vitamin deficiency, pyorrhea and gingivitis or gum infection. Cavities or dental plaques, extraction procedures and temporomandibular joint diseases can also cause gum pain.
One of the most common reasons for gum pain or tooth aches is dental cavity. These are small holes on the dentin and enamel, which are the outer layers of the teeth. The outermost layer, which is hard and white in color, is the enamel, and the layer below it is the yellow and soft dentin. Both of these layers protect the blood vessels and nerves inside the teeth.
Of the many bacteria in the mouth, there are a few that are capable of converting sugar into acid. These acids have the capacity to dissolve the enamel and dentin, which causes cavities. Most of the times, the cavities that are formed easily go unnoticed as they are very small in size and do not cause any pain. But if the cavity is large enough for food to get stuck or collected inside it, it will cause pain.
Gingivitis or gum disease is the second most common reasons for pain in the gums. It roughly affects 20% of the world population. The soft tissues within the tooth get inflamed in case of gum disease. This could happen due to poor dental hygiene, infection or plaque formation. The sticky film that is formed on the surface of the tooth due to the acids secreted by bacteria is known as plaque. Initially, the patient will experience bleeding and pain in the gums. At this stage, the absence of proper dental care will cause the jaw bones to decay.
Many who experience a dental condition try to get rid of it with the help of home remedies such as using a mouthwash or changing the tooth paste. However, this is not in the best interest of your teeth’s long term health. Proper dental care can only be provided by a qualified dentist and in case of any dental discomfort, a dentist must be sought for.